Information about the instruments and results from the collected data area available in Journal articles, Patent, Technical reports, and Conference presentations. Selected examples, some including links to PDF files, are listed below. If you have a paper that you would like to add, please contact us.

Journal articles:


Perovich D.K, and J.A. Richter-Menge ( 2015) Regional variability in sea ice melt in a changing Arctic. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 373: 20140165.

Hutchings, Jennifer K., Donald K. Perovich (2015), Preconditioning of the 2007 sea-ice melt in the eastern Beaufort Sea, Arctic Ocean ,Annals of Glaciology 56(69) 2015 doi: 10.3189/2015AoG69A006


Lei, Ruibo, Na Li, Petra Heil, Bin Cheng,Zhanhai Zhang, and Bo Sun (2014) Multiyear sea ice thermal regimes and oceanic heat flux derived from an ice mass balance buoy in the Arctic Ocean. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: OCEANS, VOL. 119, 537–547, doi:10.1002/2012JC008731

Perovich, D., J. Richter-Menge, C. Polashenski, B. Elder, T. Arbetter, and O. Brennick (2014), Sea ice mass balance observations from the North Pole Environmental Observatory, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 2019–2025, doi:10.1002/ 2014GL059356.

Wang, C., M. A. Granskog, S. Gerland, S. R. Hudson, D. K. Perovich, M. Nicolaus, T. I. Karlsen, K. Fossan, and M. Bratrein (2014), Autonomous observations of solar energy partitioning in first-year sea ice in the Arctic Basin, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 2066–2080, doi:10.1002/2013JC009459.

Webster, M. A., I. G. Rigor, S. V. Nghiem, N. T. Kurtz, S. L. Farrell, D. K. Perovich, and M. Sturm (2014), Interdecadal changes in snow depth on Arctic sea ice, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 5395– 5406, doi:10.1002/2014JC009985


Jackson, J.M., W. Williams, E. Carmack (2012), Winter sea-ice melt in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, 3, doi:10.1029/2011GL050219.

Moore , S., K.  Stafford, H. Melling, C. Berchok, O. Wiig, K. Kovacs, C. Lydersen, J. Richter-Menge (2012), Comparing marine mammal acoustics in Atlantic and Pacific sectors of the High Arctic:  Year-long records from Fram Strait and the Chukchi Plateau, Polar Biology. Volume 35, Number 3, 475-480, DOI: 10.1007/s00300-011-1086-y.


Perovich, D.K. (2011), The changing Arctic sea ice cover, Oceanography, 24(3):162–173, oceanog .2011.68.

Perovich, D.K., J.A. Richter-Menge, K.F. Jones, B. Light, B.C. Elder, C.M. Polashenski, D. LaRoche, T. Markus, and R. Lindsay (2011), Arctic sea-ice melt in 2008 and the role of solar heating, Ann Glaciol., 52, 355-359.

Polashenski, C., D.K. Perovich, J.A. Richter-Menge, B. Elder (2011), Seasonal ice mass-balance buoys: adapting tools to the changing Arctic, Ann. Glaciol., 52(57), 18-26.

Timmermans M.-L., A Proshutinsky, R.A. Kirshfield, D.K. Perovich, J.A. Richter-Menge, T.P. Stanton, and J.M. Tool (2011), Surface Freshening in wind-driven circulation in the Arctic Ocean’s Eurasian Basin: An apparent consequence of recent change in the wind‐driven circulation, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C00D03, doi; 10.1029/2011JC006975.


Toole, J. M., M.L. Timmermans, D. K. Perovich, R. A. Krishfield, A. Proshutinsky, and J. A. Richter-Menge (2010), Influences of the ocean surface mixed layer and thermohaline stratification on Arctic Sea ice in the central Canada Basin, J Geophys. Res.., 115, C10018, doi:10.1029/2009JC005660.         

2009 and before

Kwok, R., G. F. Cunningham, M. Wensnahan, I. Rigor, H. J. Zwally, and D. Yi (2009), Thinning and volume loss of the Arctic Ocean sea ice cover: 2003–2008, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C07005, doi:10.1029/2009JC005312.

Perovich, D.K. (2009), Chapter 3.16: Automatic measurement stations, Field Techniques in Sea Ice Research, University of Alaska Press, 383 – 394.

Perovich, D.K., T.C. Grenfell, B. Light, B.C. Elder, J. Harbeck, C. Polashenski, W.B. Tucker III, and C. Stelmach (2009), Trans-polar observations of the morphological properties of Arctic sea ice, J.Geophys. Res, 114, C00A04, doi:10.1029/2008JC004892.

Perovich, D.K. and J.A. Richter-Menge (2009), Loss of ice in the Arctic, Annual Review of Marine Science, 1, 417 – 441.

Geiger, C.A. and D.K. Perovich (2008), Springtime ice motion in the western Antarctic Peninsula regions, Deep Sea Research, 55, 338 – 350, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.11.008.

Perovich, D. K., J. A. Richter-Menge, K. F. Jones, and B. Light (2008), Sunlight, water, and ice: Extreme Arctic sea ice melt during the summer of 2007, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L11501, doi:10.1029/2008GL034007.

Kwok, R., G. F. Cunningham, H. J. Zwally, and D. Yi (2007), Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) over Arctic sea ice: Retrieval of freeboard, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C12013, doi:10.1029/2006JC003978.

Grenfell, T.C., H. Eicken, D.K. Perovich, J.A. Richter-Menge, B. Elder, A. Mahoney, and M. Sturm (2006), Energy and mass balance observations of the land-ice-ocean-atmosphere system near Barrow, Alaska Nov. 1999 – July 2002, Ann. Glaciol., 44, 193-199.

Perovich, D.K. and J.A. Richter-Menge (2006), From points to pole: Extrapolating point measurements of sea ice mass balance, Annals of Glaciology, 44, 188-192.

Richter-Menge, J.A., D.K. Perovich, B.C. Elder, K. Claffey, I. Rigor, M. Ortmeyer (2006), Ice mass balance buoys: A tool for measuring and attributing changes in the thickness of the Arctic sea ice cover, Annals of Glaciology, 44, 205-210.

Krishfield, R.A. and D.K. Perovich (2005), Spatial and temporal variability of oceanic heat flux to the Arctic ice pack, J. Geophys. Res., 110, C07021, 1029/2004JC002293.

Melling, H., D.A. Riedel, and Z. Gedalof (2005), Trends in thickness and extent of seasonal pack ice, Canadian Beaufort Sea,, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L24501, doi:10.1029/2005GL024483.

Perovich, D.K. B.C. Elder, K.J. Claffey, S. Stammerjohn, R. Smith, H.R. Krouse, A.J. Gow and S.F. Ackley (2004), Sea ice properties in the Marguerite Bay region during winter, Deep Sea Research, 51, 2023-2039.

Perovich, D.K., T.C. Grenfell, J.A. Richter-Menge, B. Light, W.B. Tucker III, H. Eicken (2003), Thin and thinner: Sea ice mass balance measurements during SHEBA, Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 108, (C3), DOI 10.1029/2001JC001079, 26-1 – 26-21.

Perovich, D.K. and B. Elder (2002), Estimates of ocean heat flux at SHEBA, Geophysical Research Letters., 29, 58-1 to 58-4, 10.1029/2001GL014171.

Perovich, D.K. and B. Elder (2001), Temporal evolution of sea ice temperature, Annals of Glaciology, 33, 207-212.

Perovich, D.K. et al. (1999), Year on ice gives climate insights, EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 80(41), 481, 485-486.

Perovich D.K., B.C. Elder, and J. A. Richter-Menge (1997), Observations of the annual cycle of sea ice temperature and mass balance, Geophysical Research Letters, 5, 555-558.

Perovich, D.K., W.B. Tucker III, and Kirshfield, R.A. (1989), Oceanic heat flux in Fram Strait measured by a drifting buoy, Geophys. Res. Lett., 16, 995-998.


Richter-Menge, J.A., D. K. Perovich, Polashenski, C., B. Elder (Pending), Buoy for Automated Data Collection and Transmittal, U.S. Patent Application 20110076904.

Technical reports:

Claffey K.J., B.C. Elder, J.A. Richter-Menge, D.K. Perovich (2007) Ice Mass Balance Buoy. Understanding the Poles, Argos Forum #65, 18-21.

Overland, J., J. Calder, F. Fetterer, D. McGuire, J. Morison, J. Richter-Menge, N. Soreidi and J. Walsh (2002) SEARCH Workshop on Large-Scale Atmosphere/Cryosphere Observations, NOAA OAR Special Report, Contribution 2452 from NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, 82 p.

Untersteiner, N., S.S. Thorndike (1984) Automatic Measurements of Vertical Ocean Heat Flux and Ice Mass Balance, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 13 p.

Conference presentations:

Polashenski, C., D. K. Perovich, J. A. Richter-Menge, B. C. Elder and C. Williams (2011), The CRREL Seasonal Ice Mass Balance Buoy (SIMB): Reduced Cost Ice Mass Balance Monitoring in the Seasonal Ice Zone, 2011 Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union.

Perovich, D.K., J.A. Richter-Menge, B.C. Elder, and C.M. Polashenski (2008), Arctic sea ice melt in the summer of 2008, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union.

Perovich, D.K. (2008), Sunlight albedo and ice melt, Symposium on Arctic Sea Ice and Climate.

Perovich, D.K. (2008), Sea ice and sunlight: Climate indicator and amplifier, Munson Distinguished Lecture Series, Yale School of Forestry.

Perovich, D.K., J.A. Richter-Menge, B. Elder, and K. Claffey (2007), Arctic sea ice melt in summer 2007: Surface and bottom ice ablation, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union.

Perovich, D.K. (2007), The Mass and Heat Balance of Ice, SEARCH for DAMOCLES Arctic Modeling Workshop, Paris, October.

Richter-Menge, J.A., D.K. Perovich, B.C. Elder, I. Rigor, M. Ortmeyer (2005), Ice mass balance buoys: a tool for measuring and attributing changes in the thickness of the Arctic sea ice cover, International Symposium on Sea Ice.

Perovich, D.K. and J.A. Richter-Menge (2005), From points to poles: extrapolating point measurements of sea ice mass balance, International Symposium on Sea Ice.

Richter-Menge, J., D. Perovich, B. Elder and K Claffey (2005), Mass Balance Buoy: An Instrument to Measure and Attribute Changes in Ice Thickness, International Workshop on Sea Ice Thickness, Denmark.

Richter-Menge, J. A., D. K. Perovich, B. C. Elder , I. Rigor, M. Ortmeyer (2004), An autonomous network measuring changes in the thickness of the Arctic sea ice cover, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union.

Perovich, D.K. (2004), The Arctic sea ice cover, Workshop on Arctic Observing Based on Ice-Tethered Platforms, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute.

Perovich, D.K., J.A. Richter-Menge, I. Rigor, C.L. Parkinson, J.W. Weatherly, S.V. Nghiem, A. Proshutinsky, J.E. Overland (2003), Assessing, understanding, and conveying the state of the Arctic sea ice cover, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union.

Perovich, D., J. Richter-Menge, I. Rigor, J. Overland, B. Elder, T. Grenfell, and H. Eicken (2003), Sea Ice Mass Balance Measurements: Insights and Inferences, SEARCH Open Science Meeting.

Elder, B., K. Claffey, D. Perovich, J. Richter-Menge (2001), Autonomous measurements of ice mass balance, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union.

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